Personal safety for children
Children are our nation’s most precious resource, but as children, they often lack the skills to protect themselves. Every parent should teach their children about safety and protection measures.
How should I discuss personal safety with my child?
- Listen to your children. Know your children’s daily activities and habits. Listen to what they like and what they don’t like. Encourage open communication. Let your children know they can talk to you about any situation. Reassure your children that their safety is your #1 concern.
- Teach your children. Set boundaries about places they may go, people they may see, and things they may do. Reinforce the importance of the “buddy system.” Let children know it’s OK to say no—tell your children to trust their instincts.
- Get involved. Know where your children are at all times. Your children should check in with you if there is a change in plans. There is no substitute for your attention and supervision.
- Practice safety skills with your child. Rehearse safety skills so that they become second nature.
Home safety tips
- Children should know their full name, home phone number and how to use the telephone. Post your contact information where your children will see it: office phone number, cell phone, pager, etc. Children should have a trusted adult to call if they’re scared or have an emergency.
- Choose babysitters with care. Obtain references from family, friends, and neighbors. Once you have chosen the caregiver, drop in unexpectedly to see how your children are doing. Ask your children how the experience with the caregiver was, and listen carefully to their responses.
Neighborhood safety tips
- Make a list with your children of their neighborhood boundaries, choosing significant landmarks. Interact regularly with your neighbors. Tell your children whose homes they are allowed to visit.
- Don’t drop your children off alone at malls, movie theatres, video arcades, or parks.
- Teach your children that adults should not approach children for help or directions. Tell your children that if they are approached by an adult, they should stay alert.
- Never leave children unattended in an automobile. Children should never hitchhike or approach a car when they don’t know and trust the driver.
- Children should never go anywhere with anyone without getting your permission first.
School safety tips
- Be careful when you put your child’s name on clothing, backpacks, lunch boxes or bicycle license plates. If a child’s name is visible, it may put them on a first-name basis with an abductor.
- Walk the route to and from school with your children, pointing out landmarks and safe places to go if they’re being followed or need help. Make a map with your children showing acceptable routes to school, using main roads and avoiding shortcuts or isolated areas. If your children take a bus, visit the bus stop with them and make sure they know which bus to take.
For more information on child safety visit the Web site for the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, www.missingkids.com